From injuries after an accident to diseases that result in disfigurement, there are numerous reasons why you might need trauma reconstruction.
Trauma reconstruction is beneficial for those who desire to have a normal or semi-normal appearance once again. More than one surgery might be needed before the final results are achieved. Common reasons why you might have trauma reconstruction surgery include car accidents, falls, and even domestic violence situations.
- Injuries that often need to be repaired through trauma reconstruction include fractured jaws and bones in the face, teeth that have been knocked out, and fractures or lacerations of the skull and frontal bones.
- Injuries to the face should be examined and treated as soon as possible to prevent infection or further injuries from occurring.
Types of Traumas
Soft Tissue Damage: This is often the easiest type of injury to repair. Examples include lacerations as well as minor damage done to the gums. Sometimes, stitches can be used for the laceration. At other times, the doctor might need to use staples or graft skin if the laceration is deep or covers an extensive area.
Damage to the Teeth or Gums: If one or multiple teeth have been knocked out, then reconstruction surgery can involve implants so that there is a crown in the mouth to function and look like natural teeth. Intensive reconstruction typically involves repairing damage done to the jaw bone or the gums if there has been blunt force trauma that has ripped the teeth out instead of only knocking them out of the socket.
Trauma to the Bones: Reconstructive surgery is often beneficial if there is any damage done to the bones of the face, such as the jaw or the eye sockets. Since the bones are close together and often fragile, there is a possibility that pieces of broken bones can become lodged in other areas of the face. Bone injuries sometimes require more than one surgery in order to get the bones back to the way that they looked before the injury occurred.
Other Areas: There are a few areas of the face that sometimes aren’t thought about when trauma reconstruction is involved. These areas include the eyes, the glands in the mouth and the neck, and any of the nerves that are in the face that have been impacted by the incident.
When any kind of trauma occurs, there could be issues with your breathing, the way that you talk, or your vision. Teeth that are broken or chipped can lead to an infection or can become loose and come out. Wires are often used to keep or position bones back together after a trauma to the face. Plates and screws are used for severe injuries that involve large pieces of bone that have been broken or that need to be removed. Any skin grafts needed are performed after the bones heal to decrease the chance of infection. With the right surgeon, all of this can be reconstructed with ultimate care and attention to detail.